An Overview Health by Design from a Lifecycle Perspective

The lifecycle model provides a framework. It helps to identify what needs to be considered, why it is important and who should be part of that decision-making process and planning.


The aim of this model is to raise awareness of the lifecycle approach more holistically, rather than just the preceding, immediate and succeeding stages. The model also aims to demonstrate the added value for you, as the client, by adopting a health by design approach.


The lifecycle model is presented as 8 distinct stages, each underpinned by a series of considerations and guidance information. Subsequent stages of the lifecycle should not proceed before the preceding stage design reviews have been considered and approved by the lead designer/person(s) in control of that stage.

You may be familiar with alternative approaches or processes which are relatable to this lifecycle. For example, Network Rail follow the Governance for Railway Investment Approach (GRIP) management and control process for delivering projects on the operational railway. This process aims to minimise and mitigate the risks associated with projects, which correlates with a health by design approach. As such, the conception and feasibility design stage and the development/detailed design stages have many similarities in definition and focus. The added consideration of this approach, is that it considers the product beyond the project itself, such as use/operation, maintenance and disposal.

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