Annual Health and Safety Report 2019/20

The Covid-19 pandemic has brought about profound change, with reduced services and trains carrying far fewer passengers. What hasn't changed is our commitment to keeping everyone who uses our railway and everyone who works on it healthy and safe.

Rail remains one of safest forms of transport, and the industry has a track record to be proud of. Britain’s railway is the safest of the top 10 biggest railway systems in the EU, and there has not been a train accident involving a fatality to passengers or the workforce on-board a train for over 13 years. However, there are still areas of risk that need focus from industry to effect improvements.

This video covers the key messages from this year’s AHSR.


The Annual Health and Safety Report 2019/20 combines the latest information on health and safety performance, operational learning, and risk reduction initiatives. It takes into account reports to the Confidential Incident Reporting & Analysis Service (CIRAS). It also gives an overview of progress in implementing the strategy in Leading Health and Safety on Britain’s Railway (LHSBR). We identify where things have gone well and some areas of concern. 

This year the AHSR is supported by 14 topic-specific reports: 

  1. Workforce health and wellbeing
  2. Public behaviour
  3. Station operations
  4. Occupational road risk management
  5. Level crossings
  6. Fatigue risk management
  7. Workforce safety
  8. Infrastructure asset integrity
  9. Work-related violence and assaults
  10. Train operations
  11. Freight 
  12. Rolling stock asset integrity
To find out more about the data used within these reports, please see the Data transparency document.

briefing presentation is available for RSSB members and affiliates to download and use within their organisations.

Previous issues of the of the Annual Health and Safety Report, previously known as the Annual Safety Performance Report (ASPR), can be accessed on SPARK.

LHSBR quarterly progress reports

The LHSBR quarterly progress reports provide an update on what the industry is doing to meet the strategy’s aims and objectives and includes safety performance data.  These reports are published in September, December and March of every financial year, the final update in June is replaced by the Annual Health and Safety Report.

Signals Passed at Danger and Train Protection and Warning System Report

A report summarising signals passed at danger (SPAD) performance and Train Protection and Warning System (TPWS) activity can be accessed by RSSB members here.

Precursor Indicator Model

The Precursor Indicator Model (PIM) measures the underlying risk from train accidents.  This is updated periodically and can be accessed by RSSB members here.

Injury categorisations and weightings

The rail industry measures safety performance and risk using the fatalities and weighted injuries (FWI) measure. In 2021  changes were made to the injury categorisations and weightings that the rail industry uses to calculate FWI for safety performance reporting and risk modelling. The updates can be reviewed here.