A measure influencing attitude / activity leading to trespass, by creating a sense of place and ownership and reducing the attractiveness of the location as a place for trespass.
At a specific location, usually a station.
By whom? - Rail industry (TOC / NR) working in conjunction with members from the local community.
Applicability / suitability for trespass types
Where a problem might have been identified at a rail location and members of the community are keen to become involved and help to support the improvement and regeneration of the location (usually a station).
Trespasser type = All types.
Trespass events = Anti-social behaviour, graffiti, hangout.
Observed behaviours = Damage to facilities, evidence of graffiti, people seen on platforms.
Potential Motivations = Self-expression and boredom, moral judgement and reasoning, low self-esteem, peer pressure, anti-social feelings; artistic expression, recognition, rebellion, territorial; seeking seclusion, refuge or place to take drugs, poor mental health.
Where stations have been adopted there has been less vandalism and graffiti, which can also make people feel safer.
May take some time to develop the required partnerships and involvement of the local community, so any improvement in trespass may be delayed.
Assuming continued support and involvement from the community, positive effects might be maintained over time.
Factors influencing effectiveness
Engagement and support from the local community.
Where it is inclusive and open to all to participate and there is greater shared “ownership” of the location.
Presence of volunteers and general improvements in the conditions at the station and may provide a deterrent effect to trespass.
How to apply or implement, including dependencies
Worth considering in more rural settings where stations might not be regularly staffed by industry.
Need to encourage the local community to make the station part of their community, ideally adopting it.
May need to be used in conjunction with other solutions e.g. environmental design and improvements in the structure, fabric and facilities at the location.
Can require creation of alternative safer community spaces for young people to hang out and legal safer areas for graffitists.
May be able to attract other commercial enterprise in the locality, increasing the presence of people and perceptions of safety.
Costs low where using volunteers.
May need support costs for station improvements.