A physical restriction to Influence access to the track and also directing and supporting safer behaviour near to fast moving trains.
Main line stations, where there is an island platform with fast lines where trains do not stop frequently.
By whom? - Rail organisations (NR / TOC).
Applicability / suitability for trespass types
Where there is a potential problem of access from the platform onto high speed lines and the design and layout of the stations allows provision of a fence to restrict access to the fast line platforms at the station. This could be fitted at a single station where there is a problem but is more likely fitted as part of upgrades to a location or along a part of a rail route where problems have been identified.
Trespasser type = Adults, children and young persons, commuters.
Trespass events = Person in crisis, primarily, but can have benefits for other types of trespass or other accidental events.
Observed behaviours = Crossing the track, jumping down onto the track.
Potential Motivations = Suicide, risk / thrill seeking, shorten distance, not understanding rules, low self-esteem, poor mental health.
This can be an effective measure to prevent trespass as well as suicide, minimising access to the track where it is fitted as intended and all entry points are secure (e.g. platform end and entry from other station entrances and fast line platforms). Has potential ancillary benefit of increased perception of safety for passengers on the neighbouring platform. The fencing also demarcates locations where people should not be and could enable earlier staff interventions.
People will be more likely to use safe routes, if guided by fences and barriers.
Will require time to design and implement the fencing as this is a major programme of work.
Has gates at intervals for platform use (e.g. emergency) and may need regular checks to ensure closure, plus on-going maintenance.
Factors influencing effectiveness
The fencing is intended to make access harder, rather than restrict all access. Full height fencing is not desirable, aesthetically, on a station platform. Effectiveness will depend on the type of trespass (i.e. likely to work for people taking a short cut, but might not with some of those with greater determination for access).
Ability to restrict other access points to the track (e.g. platform ends, other platforms).
How to apply or implement, including dependencies
Layout of the station can mean mid-platform fencing cannot be installed e.g. where there is insufficient platform width. Requires a programme for planning, design and fitting.
Can be used in conjunction with other interventions e.g. security lighting, CCTV, appropriate surveillance and response processes, signage.
Needs regular checks and maintenance – closure and operation of gates.
An effective intervention on its own, but could be used with environmental design to guide people to exits.
Potential high cost per station (>£100k).