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Restitution

Cleaning off graffiti or repairing vandalism, which may have been caused by the person involved.

Influencing attitudes and activities leading to trespass, by raising awareness of the effects that someone’s actions have on others.

Specific locations on railway property where graffiti or damage has resulted on railway property.

By whom? - Operational staff from Network Rail or TOCs / FOCs, working in conjunction with BTP, criminal justice system and local authorities.

Applicability / suitability for trespass types

Where there has been graffiti or damage to part of the railway infrastructure and those involved have been identified and potentially subject to legal action. People involved will need to be willing to participate and there are parts of the railway where this could not be considered for safety reasons.

Trespasser type = Young people, adults.

Trespass events = Antisocial behaviour, Graffiti.

Observed behaviours = Damage to facilities / equipment, evidence of graffiti.

Potential Motivations = Self-expression and boredom, moral judgement and reasoning, lack of self-control, peer pressure, anti-social feelings, artistic expression, recognition, rebellion, territorial.

Effectiveness

Medium effectiveness

Has been found to be effective in other situations, where those involved are less likely to be involved in future activities of this kind.  This is not known to be tested on the railway to date. 

Delay to any impact on trespass is likely, arising from legal processes.

Might be sustained over time, for those involved in these events.  There could be opportunities for some transfer of the effect to others connected with the people involved in the restitution programme.  

Factors influencing effectiveness

Ability to identify particular individuals and intervene to enforce this type of action.

Willingness on the part of the person to engage with the programme and to modify behaviour as a result. 

Appropriate interactions with people and activities that are suitable to connect with the person and promote restitution, rather than a focus on punishment.

How to apply or implement, including dependencies

Will need support from within the railway community and police and criminal justice system to support this type of activity.  Dependent on young people or young offenders wanting to take part or court systems recommending it.

Should be used with other interventions like monitoring and surveillance, signage and education and awareness.

Needs consideration of where this can be applied i.e. there may be safety issues associated with activities in the vicinity of the live railway.  

Cost

Low/medium. 

May require quite high staff involvement in setting up and support this type of scheme.

May involve relatively low numbers of people involved in trespass.

Haven’t found what you’re looking for?
Get in touch with our Senior Safety Intelligence Analyst for further information.
Siona Vass
Tel: 020 3142 5485
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