The RED series of videos is designed to maintain awareness about operational safety issues and reduce operational risk. Each programme conveys safety messages about the operational railway and emphasises on key learning points. The programmes are used in safety briefings and training sessions across the industry.
Please note, programmes may contain strong language and scenes that viewers may find upsetting. A full list of the topics covered here.
RED 56 - Close Calls and Near Misses
In our dramatisation, a group of track workers have a safety briefing before going to the sites. But it soon becomes clear that some of them aren’t sure about the information they heard. The work sites use different warning systems, and the confusion leads to a very near miss.
Mental health issues can affect any of us. Our drama follows three colleagues, each dealing with their own problems. Sometimes those who seem least unwell need the most help. You may find this film distressing.
Our drama follows a rail worker with a newborn baby. The pressures of his professional and personal lives lead to fatigue, which increases the risks to himself and others as he drives to and from work.
Resetting and continuing after passing a signal at danger can have consequences beyond the effect on the train directly involved, placing other services at risk and causing stress for signallers. Based on an incident at Beckenham Junction on 30 September 2010.
A driver normally routed into Platform 2 is routed into Platform 1. When he called the signaller, he picked up the phone for the starting signal for Platform 2. The driver involved in this incident got in touch with RED as he believed others could learn from his mistake.
The conductor of a two-car Class 156 experienced a violent side-to-side motion. The driver took no immediate action, but proceeded to Carlisle where he used the telephone in the drivers’ mess room to report the damage to the signaller at Carlisle PSB.
Two fitters are sent to assist a failed train. They start to walk towards it without speaking to the signaller to arrange any protection. When the fitters arrived at the failed train, they and the driver attempt to assess the damage from the six foot but without arranging further protection.
This issue has two dramas looking at similar themes. A driver passes a signal at danger by 90 yards. The investigation examines the driver’s telephone bill, which showed that he had been involved in a number of telephone calls and text messages during his duty.
The first reconstruction portrays an extremely near miss on a level crossing which could distress train drivers who have been involved in a similar incident. One of the barriers failed to rise, and confused early-morning motorists were crossing the track against the lights.
In the first reconstruction, a driver assuming a crossing attendant had authorised him to pass a signal at danger. In the second reconstruction, a cracked fish plate required that the line speed be reduced to 20 mph for a short distance.
A driver passes a signal at danger; the Train Protection Warning System brings the train to a halt. It comes to a stand 8 feet short of the conflict point, and only because the driver had slowed the train before the SPAD occurred.
Drivers sometimes fail to repeat back messages and to close the conversation by ensuring they’ve reached a clear, shared understanding. Not doing this properly means that people are being unprofessional and creating the risk of more incidents.
A driver is involved in a SPAD. He had previously suffered two incidents which were precursors to the SPAD. Issues in his personal life were beginning a build-up of stress. One of his friends was near death at the time of the SPAD.
A driver stops at a signal at danger, then deliberately drives past it, in the belief that he had authority to do so. This arose because of misunderstandings between driver and signaller, due to inadequate Safety Critical Communications.
A SPAD happens as a train leaves a station. Like most SPADs, there were several contributory factors, and in this case, the number of different factors involved made the decision about a Specially Monitored Driver plan for the driver more complex than usual.
Start Against Signal and Start On Yellow SPADs are associated with high risk. Preventing these SPADs depends on recognising and coping with the human factors elements that can bring risk to railway operations.
This RED looks at unintended consequences and asks ‘Do you know what you are doing?’ The programme also includes looking at how SPADRAM works and examines the need for 100% professional management to match 100% professional driving.