European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) comprises of the European Train Control System (ETCS), the
Global System for Mobile communications – Railway (GSM-R), Traffic Management Systems (TMS) and operating rules. Technical specifications for ETCS and GSM-R are published in the Control Command and Signalling (CCS)
Technical Specification for Interoperability (TSI) cab-signalling system that incorporates automatic train protection. GSM-R provides voice communication for train drivers and signallers and provides data communication for ETCS. ERTMS and GSM-R rules are published in the OPE TSI.
In May 2001 a national programme was created for the application of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) in Great Britain. This programme has been included and updated in cross industry work to form part of the national operation strategy, led by Network Rail. This programme is cross-industry and is currently led by Network Rail; RSSB is a partner in this programme. RSSB provides operations, engineering, human factors and safety risk expertise for the application of ERTMS in Great Britain. This application is in accordance with the specifications published by the European Railway Agency and is supported by complementary national requirements, standards and operational rules.
The deployment of ERTMS features heavily in the Industry Strategic Business plan for the period 2014-2019 (Control Period 5) and beyond and ERTMS is an enabler for the RSSB Innovation programme . RSSB is working with other industry partners to help achieve the application of ERTMS on the mainline railway infrastructure and trains that operate on it.
The first application of ERTMS in service in Great Britain is the Cambrian Line in Wales, operating from just outside Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth and Pwllheli. Through engagement in the national programme, RSSB has supported this application by developing standards, operational rules (including the
Rule Book) and other documentation, such as user procedures. The Rule Book and other materials published by RSSB are available electronically through the
Railway Group Standards section of this site.
For further information on RSSB's involvement please email:
email@example.com or phone:
+44 (0)20 3142 5400.
Further information is also available from
ERTMS Online .
Digital Railway Traffic Management Requirements
The railway in Britain is experiencing increasing passenger and freight demands, and is approaching capacity for the way it is currently operated. Traffic Management (TM) is required in order to improve the railway’s ability to cope with future activity. TM is a key enabler of the Digital Railway (DR) and will provide a number of business benefits. It will:
- Create a modern, efficient high-performance railway network that is among the best in the world;
- Reduce delay and improve capacity utilisation on an ever busier network;
- Make the railway more affordable;
- Improve post-incident recovery;
- Provide more complete, comprehensive and timely information to passengers; and
- Accelerate early re-control capability.
The Traffic Management Programme, now part of Digital Railway, has worked collaboratively to produce an Interim TM Requirement Specification, which was approved on 12th April 2017: Interim Digital Railway Traffic Management Requirements Specification, DRT/TM/REQ/0003 Issue 1.7 dated 31st March 2017.
Digital Railway is continuing to develop these requirements so there will be further updates in the future which will be published once a suitable level of maturity has been achieved. These updates will include, for example, ensuring that requirements for interface with other systems have been fully addressed, including ETCS, C-DAS, Incident Management and Safer Trackside Working. These updates will also give opportunities for including the necessary changes arising from further development and closure of open points.
This specification is managed by Digital Railway and made available here on the programme’s behalf. As experience is gained with the application of the requirements in the specification, it is expected that relevant requirements will be incorporated into standards listed in the Standards Catalogue at some time yet to be determined.
If you would like to discuss this specification, or have identified any errors or potential improvements, then please email: NationalERTMSRequirements@networkrail.co.uk from which the messages will be forwarded to the TM Requirements Management team.
In addition to the material published in the
Standards catalogue, RSSB has published other documents and undertaken research on ERTMS. The outputs of ERTMS-related research projects are available on
Rule Book amendments
Following the full commissioning of the Cambrian Line in March 2011, amendments to the Rule Book modules have been published in the Network Rail Western Route ERTMS Periodic Operating Notice (PON) supplement. For the benefit of those not in receipt of this document, here is the
source document produced by RSSB for the rule amendments published in the PON.
ERTMS National Values – Overview
ERTMS provides a number of system variables called ERTMS National Values that can be varied to fit specific safety and operational performance objectives. These ERTMS National Values cover many aspects of ERTMS operation, including, for example, the maximum speeds permitted under different modes of operation. These values are typically defined during the design phase of the application and are configured through the software application of the system. A country may adopt different sets of national values to suit particular safety or operational requirements on different routes, but cannot adopt different national values over the same route.
ERTMS National Values - D_NVROLL
D_NVROLL specifies the distance to be used in roll away protection, reverse movement protection and standstill supervision before onboard ERTMS equipment demands a brake application.
D_NVROLL is a trackside parameter which is used to configure the behaviour of the onboard. It is uploaded to the train when the train transitions into a new area, or at startup. Prior to this the train retains its previous set of national values. A default value for D_NVROLL is defined, but this is only used if no other value has ever been uploaded.
ERTMS National Values – D_NVROLL document has been produced by RSSB on behalf the National Operation Strategy to define one of the nationally defined values (D_NVROLL).
ERTMS Business Requirements
In April 2012 the ERTMS Strategy Group endorsed the publication of the ERTMS Business Requirements. The business requirements were developed to satisfy five needs, to:
- Provide a means to contribute towards the delivery of the rail industry strategy as set out in the Rail Technical Strategy and controlled by Technical Strategy Leadership Group.
- Provide direction to the ERTMS Programme Control Board, particularly in respect of the National Generic ERTMS Principles.
- Provide guidance to the National ERTMS Programme and delivery projects in their deployment of ERTMS.
- Contribute to the development of a high-technology railway.
- Contribute to the development of a competent, appropriately skilled workforce.
The National ERTMS business requirements document is available