This could be a specific location, such as a depot or station and an area around the location (e.g. High Wycombe station and up to 100 metres from the platform ends), a distance of trainline (e.g. High Wycombe station to Princes Risborough), or even a whole route such as ‘London Marylebone to Oxford route” and all stations along it.

Legal duty to assess risk

As noted in the Legal Duties section there is a legal duty to assess all significant and/or foreseeable trespass safety risks. It is advised that all railway operations and property are risk assessed. The extent and form of risk assessment should be proportionate to the risk and use a suitable and sufficient form of risk assessment, as outlined in the section on the Level and Form of Risk Analysis

Is risk assessment needed? 

The following list provides specific triggers to update an existing risk assessment or conduct a new one:

  • A fatal or Specified major injury has occurred
  • Incident data indicates a significant possibility of trespass
  • A new station, route, depot, siding or running line
  • A refurbished station, route, depot, siding or running line
  • Development of trespass prevention strategy
  • An unusual peak or change in trespass events 
  • Development of action plans for local hotspots
  • A significant change in the adjacent land use or socio-demographics of surrounding areas
  • A change in security measures, such as changes in staffing or patrols.
  • These triggers can also be thought of as:
  • Problem led. Where incident experience indicates that there may be a high trespass risk, prompting a risk assessment
  • Solution led. Where the development of a new technology, such as a new type of barrier, leads to an assessment of where it may best be implemented
  • New developments. Where trespass prevention needs to be considered as part of the construction or refurbishment of an asset
  • Strategy led. Where a strategy for continued improvement is informed by an assessment of risk and risk controls.