Rule Book changes improve trespass reporting and train cautions

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Changes to Rule Book modules TS1 and TW1, which come into force on 5 December 2020, provide consistent rules between drivers and signallers for reporting trespassers.

When drivers see trespass events, they should give signallers as much information as possible about any trespasser. This will allow signallers to take the appropriate actions. A new section has been introduced in the module TW1 under Section 44. This describes the information which, if reported by a driver, will help the signaller understand what action should be taken. 

This includes:

  • the location concerned
  • where the trespassers were seen, whether on or near the line
  • whether trespassers are moving and in what direction, whether they appear likely to endanger trains
  • any distinguishing features such as age and clothing.

This new section also explains to drivers the instructions the signallers will give to drivers when trespassers have been reported on or near the line, or when they appear likely to endanger trains.

The rule changes have clarified the requirements for incident reporting. This will help improve both reporting and train performance. And it should ensure that the response is appropriate to the level of risk associated with the trespass incident.  

A recommendation from the recently published research on trespass data collection requirements (only available to RSSB members) shows that robust initial data will improve the quality of data going into other systems, which will lead to improved prevention measures.

The initial data should also include when and where it happened, using accurate location data, and, where possible. the motive and intent behind the incident.

This will improve the data that goes into other systems from the initial record. SMIS entries, for example, are keyed in from signaller and control log data; the better the quality of data in the control log, the better the quality of data in SMIS. This leads to improved data analysis and insights that are used when deciding which mitigation measures are most appropriate for the management of trespass risk. They will also influence any improvement measures to prevent trespass from recurring.

A short video including infographics of the changes described is explained here.
Research has also been provided below:

T1182 Industry trespass data collection requirements - An investigation into the current industry processes for trespass data collection, to identify opportunities for future improvements.

T1183 Good practice guide to assessing trespass riskA trespass risk assessment good practice guide: 'enabling duty holders to take a more consistent, widespread and effective approach to the assessment of trespass risk and implementation of strategies to reduce trespass risk'.

T1168 Evaluating Effectiveness of Trespass Detection and Prevention MethodsThis research aims to improve industry understanding of why trespass occurs and what is effective in preventing it, in order to inform industry decisions to reduce trespass on the network

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