Platform end gates / fences
Influences access to the track, using fencing and gates (e.g. for legitimate access by maintenance people).
At the ramps at platform ends to prevent access to the track.
By whom? - Rail organisations (NR / TOC).
Applicability / suitability for trespass types
Where there is a known problem of access from a location (e.g. platform end) or could be fitted routinely as parts of upgrades or to combat a general problem at stations along a part of a rail route. It can be difficult to fully restrict access in some locations due to train clearance issues.
Trespasser type = All.
Trespass events = Convenience, fare evasion, anti-social behaviour, graffiti, hangout, recreation, theft.
Observed behaviours = Exiting the platform from the platform end.
Potential Motivations = Various, but people are likely to be seeking to use the location as an easy means of access to get to another location.
Limited documented evidence of effectiveness. Likely to act as a barrier and symbolic barrier that will make access harder and minimise trespass for many trespass types.
If there is any effect, this should be immediate on certain trespass types.
Any effect should be maintained over time for these groups, though those determined to access will find other ways around the fencing.
Factors influencing effectiveness
Depends on the type of trespass at stations (i.e. likely to work for people taking a short cut), but probably not with those with greater determination for access (e.g. theft).
May be less effective in some areas – where trespassers are less likely to respond to barriers which are a deterrence rather than preventing access.
Quality of the design and fitting of the fencing and gates at a location (i.e. gate/locking mechanism requires a determined effort to open).
How to apply or implement, including dependencies
Often used in conjunction with anti-trespass grids and signage and other surveillance. At higher risk areas could also be used in conjunction with sensors, alarms, security lighting, CCTV.
Needs careful design of the intervention so that it does provide a useful barrier and visual deterrent (e.g. it can be possible to walk around these if not designed well).
Needs regular checks and maintenance.
Design, material and fitting costs.
Likely to be part of other fencing works and platform end restrictions at a station location (e.g. anti-trespass grids).
Will likely be needed at all platforms and platform ends at a station as people may change to an alternative access point.