Level crossings are sited where roads and paths cross the railway. These bring pedestrians and motorists into a shared space, so the potential for collisions between users and trains is ever present. As such level crossings account for about 6% of the total mainline system risk. While Network Rail leads on level crossing management for the railway, there is a large community of public highway owners and users that has an influence on level crossing risk. Over recent years significant effort has been put into reducing the risk arising from level crossing use, and we have one of the best safety records in Europe. This has included closures, upgrades, implementation of new technologies such as automated full barrier crossings, improvements to the risk assessment process, and educational campaigns like Stay Safe with Thomas.