Advanced Materials series: Graphene

Graphene is an engineered single plane of carbon atoms. They are formed by one atom thick sheets of crystallised carbon arranged in a single sheet hexagonal lattice like a chicken wire structure. Graphene structurally is a single atomic plane of naturally occurring graphite. It has properties such as high tensile strength, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, flexibility and their low mass. 

Graphene has a high surface area to volume ratio by a factor of 2.5, which allows for more reactive properties. Although the atomic structure of Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are made by rolling graphene into a tube, the manufacturing process for Graphene and CNT are completely different.

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