SMS - Investigating accidents, incidents and near misses - key external resources

Below is a list of key external resources that will help develop your safety management system.

Rail Industry Standard

The Rail Industry Standard for Accident and Incident Investigation RIS-3119-TOM comprises of high-level requirements, and rationale that provide useful guidance to investigators at any stage of an investigation.

Supporting a Fair Culture: Creating Appropriate Plans After Incidents

RSSB’s Supporting a Fair Culture: Creating Appropriate Plans After Incidents is focussed on the train driver role but can be used to develop competence in other safety-critical roles.


The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013 (RIDDOR) require that deaths, certain injuries, specific diseases and specific dangerous occurrences be reported to the relevant enforcing authority.

ORR Guidance on RIDDOR

The ORR has produced guidance on RIDDOR for railways, tramways and other guided transport systems.

RAIR Regulations 2005

Under the Railways (Accident Investigation and Reporting) Regulations 2005 (regulation 4), railway industry bodies are required to notify the RAIB about specified incidents. The RAIB has produced guidance to assist with the regulations.

Haven’t found what you’re looking for?
Get in touch with our Lead SMS Specialist for further information.
Katy Haylett
Tel: 020 3142 5556
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